The growth hormone can have some negative effects on the body when it is present in excess or in insufficient quantities.
Excess growth hormone
Human Growth Hormone (HGH) at recommended doses has greatly helped reduce age-related problems for those who in their later years of age. However, unrestricted use of injections or HGH supplements has side effects and can lead to health problems. It is especially dangerous if taken without the supervision and advice of a doctor.
Side effects from using growth hormone are rare, as growth hormone is produced naturally in the human body. Side effects can occur when doses are exceeded or used for a longer time than necessary.
The following side effects are distinguished when using the drug of human growth hormone:
- Hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia are terms that have opposite medical designations. So, Hyperglycemia leads to an increase in blood glucose levels, hypoglycemia – on the contrary. But the occurrence of this or that symptomatology, as a side effect when using growth hormone preparations, takes place. The problem is solved in both cases with insulin or drugs that stimulate the pancreas.
- Carpal tunnel syndrome: A syndrome that manifests itself in the form of pain and numbness in the limbs, in particular leads to a loss of the ability to move the brush. This is due to the fact that when the muscle increases in volume, they compress the peripheral nerves. This side effect is in itself not dangerous and removal occurs at a lower dose. This syndrome usually occurs in athletes, bodybuilders.
- Hypertrophy of the heart and other internal organs is an increase in the volume of cellular tissue or organs due to an increase in the volume of cellular elements. The effect occurs with prolonged use of the drug in very high doses.
- Increased blood pressure. The effect can be eliminated either by reducing the dose of the drug or by taking medications intended for the treatment of hypertension.
- Increased Sweating: The growth hormone also increases sweating in some cases. Those who are not in the habit of exercise may see heightened effects.
- High Blood Sugar: Increased FBS (Fasting Blood Sugar) is another side effect. This is the reason why diabetics should take the advice of doctors before proceeding with taking medications.
- Swelling: The swelling of the legs and hands is another common side effect. The most common reason for this is an overdose and is usually rectified by lowering the dose.
- Insomnia: Administration of GH may lead to insomnia. Some of the users of HGH have reported difficulty in sleeping even when they are feeling tired. This happens when the GH is taken as an aid to building muscles and without the recommendation of the doctor.
- Stiffness: Sometimes, the GH also results in stiffness, particularly in the joints.
- Acromegaly: This is a disease that occurs as a result of the abuse of growth hormone and causes an unnatural growth of the bones. There is an increase in the hands, feet, nose, lower jaw, eyebrows. In addition, the voice becomes coarse, joints begin to hurt, their mobility decreases. When the correct dosage is a side effect does not occur.
- Increase in the abdomen: Symptoms usually appear in athletes, bodybuilders who take the drug in high doses.
- Gynecomastia: breast enlargement in men.
Besides one of the most common causes of excess growth hormone (GH) in the body is a benign tumor in the front of the pituitary gland. This is a benign adenoma consisting of somatotrophic cells. As the adenoma grows in size, it produces an increasing amount of GH.
Side effect research
Several studies have attempted to determine the effectiveness of growth hormone and any potential side effects, one of the most important being the 2002 JAMA study, conducted jointly by researchers at the National Institute on Aging and Johns Hopkins University over a period of 26 weeks.
There were several common, milder side effects from growth hormone supplements, which included joint pain, swelling, and carpal tunnel syndrome. More serious side effects included increased glucose intolerance and diabetes in men. None of the women showed these side effects, although they were more likely to have edema. All side effects, including diabetes, disappeared within two to six weeks after stopping HGH consumption.
Growth hormone deficiency
The consequences of GH deficiency in the body depend on the person’s age. For example, if such a deficiency occurs in childhood, this can lead to the following problems:
- Stunted growth
- Mental retardation
- Features of the bone structure
- Delayed puberty
If growth hormone deficiency is present in adults, this can lead to an increase in body fat and a decrease in muscle mass. The level of energy, libido, and, consequently, the quality of life are also reduced.
The aforementioned side effects can occur in case of uncontrolled use of synthetic growth hormone injections or counterfeit products. However, natural HGH supplements have certain benefits and are safe for your health. This is because HGH supplements contain only natural ingredients that help increase the body’s own production of GH naturally.
The above side effects are also conditional and reversible with the change of the dose or the HGH product. Most of the health and medical associations of the world have given a clean chit to human growth hormone as far as safety is concerned. Nevertheless, the advice of the doctor should always be used before starting a course of growth hormone.