The immune system (immunity) is a combination of protective mechanisms of the body’s natural defense, which helps to counter and neutralize internal and external threats. Such threats include pathogenic bacteria and microorganisms, viruses, foreign substances, allergic agents. In certain cold seasons, various colds and flu come. All these diseases are usually viral in nature.
The body is protected when the immune system is in good condition. In this case, a person rarely gets sick and quickly recovers if the disease does happen. But if the immune system has weakened, the negative consequences will not take long. Therefore, you need to take care of how to maintain a healthy immune system to reduce the risk of infection. If you want to be healthy and lead a full life, it’s important to follow some useful tips recommended by doctors.
So, speaking about immunity, first of all, it refers to the body’s ability to effectively cope with any devastating infectious influences from the outside. Listed below are some useful ways to maintain the immune system that plays a key role in protecting your health by fighting various dangerous viruses and bacteria.
Early vaccination against influenza and other diseases is the most direct way to improve immunity. Vaccination with preparations made from pathogens prepares the body for a possible encounter with dangerous diseases in the near future. Such a vaccine increases the body’s response rate and the rapid neutralization of the corresponding infection.
The advantage of vaccines over the natural process of the formation of immunity lies in their increased degree of safety compared to real disease. It has been proven that even vaccinating people over 65, despite the weakening of the immune system with age, significantly increases their chances of surviving the flu without loss.
Good nutrition and weight control
Overweight, obesity, as well as body mass deficiency, equally weaken the body. It is important to remember that the immune system is a mechanism that works well in some balanced state of the body. Significant deviations from these conditions lead to disruption of the functioning of all body systems, including the immune system. Therefore, it is almost impossible to improve it without addressing the root cause of the problems.
Regular physical activity
Physical activity is known to help maintain a healthy heart and blood vessels, control body weight and blood pressure. It is understandable that in a healthy, physically developed person, the immune system reacts quickly and effectively in response to threats. Exercise can also significantly reduce the harm caused by many chronic diseases associated with the immune system, such as diabetes.
Medical studies show that in normal everyday life, most people are advised to adhere to moderate physical activity. There is no need to bring the body to the limit of its capabilities.
Practice a contrast shower
Such a procedure with a temperature difference hardens the body, increases tone. A contrast shower improves the body’s defenses and can help keep your immune system strong.
Rejection of bad habits
The immune system, as noted above, has several levels of protection. One of them is the mucous membranes. Smoking adversely affects the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and, thereby, weakens their protective mechanisms, opening the way for various infections. Moreover, those who are nearby also suffer inhaling smoke.
Alcohol impairs immune function. It inhibits the formation of T-lymphocytes, negatively affects the white blood cells, which impairs their ability to fight pathogenic bacteria. Alcohol also disrupts the production of cytokine substances responsible for inflammatory processes.
Chronic lack of sleep is one of the main factors in weakening the immune system. In a dream, important processes necessary for the body occur that we disrupt by sacrificing sleep for the sake of work, another computer toy or a new film.
You have to sleep 7-8 hours in the dark. If you sleep less or go to bed at 2 a.m., your body produces little melatonin. It is known that this hormone is also necessary for healthy immunity.
Try to avoid stress
Stressful situations happen in the life of every person. However, one must be able to cope with this. Otherwise, chronic stress will generate the production of stress hormones that begin to suppress the immune system. This, in turn, makes you more vulnerable to colds and other illnesses.
Healthy balanced diet
Your diet should include fresh vegetables and fruits as well as other natural foods rich in nutrients. Strive to consume foods daily with nutrients such as Protein, Beta-Carotene, Zinc, Probiotics, Vitamins A, C, B, D, which play a key role in maintaining the immune system.
If some products are not available or you need to supplement the main diet, an alternative may be the use of multivitamins and natural immune support supplements from the pharmacy network. For example, dietary probiotic supplements like Probiotic 40-Billion or another dietary supplement for everyday nutritional support like Immune Support. It will be a good choice to improve the functioning of the digestive system and maintain a healthy immune system.
Follow hygiene rules
Elementary hygiene rules help prevent the development of infectious and inflammatory diseases, the course of which is harmful to the whole body. Be sure to observe the following recommendations:
- Mandatory hand washing after arriving home from the street, shaking hands, after the toilet, before and after cooking. After contact with animals and cleaning should additionally treat the skin with solutions of antiseptics.
- Brushing teeth at least 2 times a day. With prolonged exposure to microbes in the oral cavity, caries formation increases. Foci of chronic infection are always negatively reflected in other body systems.
- Daily showering. A colossal number of microorganisms are constantly located in the physiological folds and hairline, which are responsible not only for the presence of an unpleasant odor but also for the appearance of local infectious processes in the skin and subcutaneous fat. Local defeat can always become systemic.
Thus, following the guidelines above will help you maintain a healthy immune system, which is the key to good health. As a result, the body’s resistance to most bacterial, viral, and fungal agents increases. However, if there are signs indicating a decrease in immunity, it is important to undergo a routine examination by a medical specialist.